A "pay-per-mile" system will not be introduced for car drivers in Britain for "the foreseeable future", the Transport Secretary has said.
But Chris Grayling said he was consulting on plans to introduce such a system for lorries to ensure continental trucking firms which operate in Britain without filling their vehicles with local fuel contribute to the cost of using the roads.
A consultation is being carried out to update the HGV road user levy, which was introduced in 2014 to ensure vehicles make a contribution to the wear and tear of the road network.
But Mr Grayling dismissed suggestions that car drivers could be charged under a pay-per-mile system.
He told BBC Radio 4's Today programme: "No that's not the plan. I know lots of people argue for this and a lot of people think it's the right thing to do, we are not preparing that as an alternative route to funding our roads or to bringing in tax."
He added: "In the foreseeable future we have got no intention of doing that."
Explaining the proposals for lorries, he said: "It's about creating a level playing field for lorries.
"Our hauliers will complain that a continental truck, it comes in with a tank full of low duty diesel, spends several days working in the country, goes away again, and pays nothing towards the use of the roads.
"What we're aiming to do now, we already have a system in place that provides some limited contribution, but we're now consulting the industry and saying if we were to move away from different types of tax on hauliers and move to a pay-per-use basis, so that everybody, British, international, contributes to the roads, do you think that's a good idea?"
He spoke after the Department for Transport announced proposals that will allow councils to bid for up to £100 million of funding for each A-road they want to enhance.
The creation of a major road network (MRN) will see bypasses, road widening and junction improvements on carriageways maintained by local authorities.
Some 5,000 miles of key A-roads will be included in the scheme which was put to public consultation on Saturday.
The MRN will allow local authorities to take a share of the multibillion-pound national roads fund which is supported by vehicle excise duty.
Motorists drove 324 billion miles on Britain's roads in 2016, up 2.2% on the previous year.
AA spokesman Luke Bosdet said many drivers suffer a "daily nightmare" at notorious pinch points so improvements to ease traffic flow are "very welcome".
Steve Gooding, director of motoring research charity the RAC Foundation, added: "For many businesses an economically important major road is the one that runs right up to the factory gate.
"It will be interesting to see whether the business bodies consider the Government's plans to go far enough in designating the roads that matter to their members."
But Bridget Fox, sustainable transport campaigner at the Campaign for Better Transport, described the announcement as "a missed opportunity to fix local transport problems".
She claimed the Government should take a "fix it first" approach of prioritising road maintenance over bypasses and widening projects, as well as improve public transport, walking and cycling routes.
The consultation runs for 12 weeks and the strategy could be implemented in 2020.
Mr Gooding and Ms Fox welcomed the plans to make lorries pay-per-mile.
Ms Fox told BBC Radio 4's Today programme: "We know that lorries take up a lot of space on our roads, they cause a lot of wear and tear on our roads, and they have a huge impact on the communities through which they pass.
"And it seems perfectly reasonable that there should be some element of pay as you go so that they contribute to the costs of their operation on all of us."
Mr Gooding said: "I think we need to remember that the Heavy Goods Vehicle levy was brought in about three or four years ago now specifically to level the playing field between the domestic hauliers and those who are coming over with a full tank of fuel.
"And I think we'd all agree it's right that heavier vehicles that really do take their toll on the roads and damage the surface, that they pay a bit more towards making their upkeep better and overseas hauliers need to chip into that as well."
The Road Haulage Association, which represents road transport and freight logistics operators, said hauliers must not be hit with extra costs.
Chief executive Richard Burnett said: "Investment in the road network is much needed and it's right that we pay our fair share, but we're against anything that puts extra cost on our hard-pressed industry.
"So any charges need to be cost neutral or it will damage UK hauliers and make them less competitive than their European counterparts."